Chief Nimham, and the Wappinger

Dear Editor,

The Wappinger Indians are a forgotten nation of eleven tribes and 15 other sub-tribes. At Eurpean contact, the Wappinge were living on the eastern side of the Hudson River, from the Bronx to Pughkeepsie, and eastwards to the Housatonci River in Connecticut. They number around 8,000 people in the 17th century. The Wappingers spoke an algonquin language with an “R” dialect.

The Wappinger tribes that lived in the lower Hudson Valley moved to moved into Pennsylvania in the late 1690s. Tribes from the upper Hudson Valley moved north to Stockbridge, Massachusetts in 1754, with Chief Daniel Nimhan. Many warriors, led by Nimham fought for the British in the French and Indian War.

The main tribes were the Kitchawank, from Croton, the Nochpeem from Kent and Carmel, the SintSink from Ossining, the Siwanoy, who originated in Scarsdale and moved to Yonkers, the Wecquaegeek from Tarrytown, the Apawamis from Mamaroneck, the Candatowa from Ridgefield, Connecticut, the Cantitoe from Beford, the Mattawan from Fishkill, and the Wappinger from Wappinger Falls. The Taquam moved up towards Patterson and Pawling after 500 Caniccy Indians were buned alive by John Underhill in Pound Ridge in the early 1700s.

A dedication of the Wappinger Veteran’s Memorial park was held on Veteran’s Day at the Putnam Country Veterans Memorial Park, Gipsy Tradl Road, Kent, New York.

If anybody would like more information contact me at 845-225-8154 or 845-494-8818.

Gil Tarbox – This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.